The Defect Analysis Group (known in some quarters as the group controlling changes made to the technical documentation) determines whether to correct the defect within the current release or to postpone it until future versions are implemented. If the development teams and testers conduct further analysis after the defect was fixed and conclude that the program code does not contain any problems requiring the correction, the defect analysis group may decide not to pay attention to the code. The action taken by the defect analysis team is documented, and the defect itself can be assigned as a “fixed”, “deferred” or “ignored” status.
If the decision is made to correct a defect, then this work is assigned to the developer, who makes the appropriate changes to the program code and conducts the test to make sure that the corrected code works as expected. As soon as the developer concludes that the defect is eliminated, he changes the defect status to “corrected” and includes the corrected code in the build sent for system testing. If the tester is satisfied that the defect is eliminated, the status of the defect changes to Verified and then to CLOSED.
Specialists of quality assurance company help software developers and users to improve quality of digital products. They carefully and thoroughly test these across a variety of necessary platforms and devices. During the analysis they identify problems affecting the program’s performance, usability, reliability, security and other characteristics that matter.
If you do not have experience in testing or work for a company that does not use powerful industrial defect tracking tools, it may appear that the defect tracking methodology, which is based on assigning the status to a software bug, is too much excessive and cumbersome. If you are engaged in developing a software product whose releases rarely contain more than 40 or 50 defects, then you are probably right. However, in the development of many different projects, the number of defects that require tracking can reach many hundreds or even thousands. If the tracking system is ineffective, or if only a few notable serious defects leak into the software product being released, the management of your test lab will have to give rather unpleasant explanations to the customer.
The defect tracking system is crucial for software testing as it helps to track reported problems in software development projects.
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